The need for Christian apologetics – the clearing of obstacles to faith – has never been greater, attendees were told throughout the annual Defend the Faith conference, Jan. 4-8, at New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary (NOBTS).
“Every age presents unique challenges to the Christian faith,” said Defend the Faith director Rhyne Putman, NOBTS assistant professor of theology and culture. “We face moral shifts in our culture, religious pluralism, other competing worldviews and assaults on religious liberty.”
Photo by Marilyn Stewart
Robert Stewart, director of New Orleans Seminary's Institute for Christian Apologetics, leads a session at the Jan. 4-8 Defend the Faith apologetics conference.
Sponsored by the seminary’s Institute for Christian Apologetics, the event was attended by more than 200 people, one-third of whom were college students from various states.
Plenary sessions were streamed via the Internet for the event and its messages to have an even wider reach. One current missionary in East Asia who watched the live-streamed sessions emailed one speaker to thank him for his candid portrayal of the difficulties facing those who engage a non-Christian culture.
Featured among more than two-dozen speakers were Douglas Groothuis, professor of philosophy at Denver Seminary; teaching fellow Jana Harmon with the C.S. Lewis Institute; resurrection scholar Gary Habermas; Paul Copan, noted author on current apologetic issues; and former International Mission Board worker Nik Ripken. Session topics included answering atheists’ objections; science and miracles; foundations of biblical inerrancy; engaging other worldviews; and arguments for God’s existence.
Apologetics – from the Greek word “apologia,” meaning “to defend” – addresses questions and objections raised by those outside the faith. “The NOBTS Institute for Christian Apologetics exists to train as many believers as possible to defend their faith as well as possible,” said Robert Stewart, Institute for Christian Apologetics director.
“Missions, evangelism, sound doctrine and apologetics go hand in hand,” Stewart said. “Apologetics is an essential ingredient of faithful biblical ministry. NOBTS is all-in when it comes to equipping believers to share and defend their faith.”
A ‘matchless gospel’
Groothuis, of Denver Seminary, pointed to 1 Peter 3:15 in identifying apologetics as a “tremendous privilege, opportunity and obligation.” Every believer can be prepared to defend the faith, he said.
“We ought to be in public and interpersonally engaging people with the matchless gospel of our Lord,” Groothuis said. “God can accommodate our mistakes. You don’t have to be a master of apologetic method to do apologetics.”
Believers can engage the culture with confidence because the gospel is “objectively true, compellingly rational and appropriate or existentially pertinent to the whole of life,” Groothuis said.
Photo by Marilyn Stewart
C. S. Lewis Institute teaching fellow Jana Harmon speaks at New Orleans Seminary's Defend the Faith conference about what she learned from interviewing former atheists who have now committed their lives to Christ.
“Take it to the streets,” Groothuis said, urging listeners to use their apologetic skills to lead others to Christ. “We all have opportunity in different spheres of life to be living witnesses, to be living sacrifices for the truth of the gospel.”
Groothuis told of talking to students at a secular university who listened politely as he discussed faith, but whose attention became rapt when he spoke of his wife’s struggle with a debilitating illness.
Honest reflection on suffering, as in Psalm 13, can be a form of apologetics, Groothuis said, when it is communicated that the Christian faith provides the best explanation of suffering and “the best tools to ‘suffer well.’”
“Out-think the world for Christ,” Groothuis urged. “Out-suffer the world for our Suffering Servant.”
When atheists turn to God
Harmon, of the C.S. Lewis Institute, told of her interviews with 50 former atheists who came to faith in Christ. Prior to conversion, none had perceived Christians as educated people, she said.
“Not a single one,” Harmon reiterated. “[Christians] have a PR problem.”
Despite the overwhelming perception of Christians as uneducated, Harmon said most of those interviewed embraced atheism for emotional reasons rather than intellectual ones.
Harmon pointed to the impact of relationships in an atheist coming to faith. “Eighty-two percent thought social interaction ‘softened’ them toward Christianity,” she said. “Sometimes, the love of God lived out through His people can turn a soul back to God.”
‘The most important thing’
Stewart warned listeners in referencing 1 Peter 3:15, that loving apologetics more than Jesus would be idolatry. The “most important thing” for an apologist is sanctifying Christ in one’s heart, he said.
“The only sufficient basis for apologetics is love for Christ as Lord in your heart,” Stewart said. “Love for ministry is not a good enough reason; love for people is not a good enough reason. The only sufficient basis for apologetics is love for Christ as Lord in your heart.”
Only love can win an audience for the gospel; only a gentle and respectful approach can lead people to Christ, Stewart said.
(EDITOR’S NOTE – Marilyn Stewart is a writer for New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary.)