Former Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (SWBTS) President Paige Patterson is disputing allegations made by the seminary in the 2021 Book of Reports of the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) that documents and other items belonging to the seminary were “improperly removed” from the campus after his firing in 2018.
He also denies that he and others have attempted to divert donations away from the seminary to the Sandy Creek Foundation, his personal nonprofit organization.
In a statement to Baptist Press (BP), Adam W. Greenway, who succeeded Patterson as SWBTS’s president, asserted, “Southwestern Seminary has told the truth.”
SWBTS alleges that documents including “confidential donor information, student records, institutional correspondence, financial records, historical files, and meeting and Convention records” were taken from the president’s home. The seminary also alleges that Patterson, his wife Dorothy, and others working with them “have continued to use institutional records for their own personal benefit and to the detriment of the seminary.”
The allegations are detailed in the seminary’s response to the referral of a motion made during the 2019 SBC annual meeting.
In a phone conversation with BP, Patterson denied the allegations and expressed dismay over the public nature of the dispute.
“I do not think the courtroom or the press is the place where Christians need to discuss their differences,” said Patterson, adding that the interview would be his only public comment on the matter. “That’s the reason why you’re the only one I have talked to. We’re responsible for working out our differences with other Christians. I’m very disappointed that we seem to be having trouble doing that.”
Patterson, who is credited as a chief architect of the SBC’s Conservative Resurgence, was fired May 30, 2018, by the executive committee of the seminary’s trustee board for alleged mishandling of sexual assault claims. Since then, he has remained mostly out of public view. But May 30, Patterson preached two services at First Baptist Church of Dallas, his most visible platform since the firing. During his opening remarks in the second service, Patterson referenced “the lynch mob … trying to get hold of me.”
Patterson and his wife were in attendance at a Bible conference held by the Conservative Baptist Network (CBN) in September 2020 at Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary in Memphis. While he played no role in the event’s program, Patterson acknowledged to BP his involvement in the formation of the CBN. He confirmed that his home in Parker, Texas, was the setting for initial promotional videos made upon the group’s launch in February 2020. His ties had not previously been publicly acknowledged.
Patterson did not characterize his level of involvement with the group, but said, “I’m very grateful for what they are doing, and I believe in what they are doing.”
The motion SWBTS responded to in the 2021 Book of Reports was made by Benjamin Cole, a messenger from Oklahoma and former Patterson aide and longtime critic, who requested that SWBTS “pursue … the lawful recovery of seminary property … and any official records that may have been removed from the presidential home or other campus facilities without authorization between the dates of May 30, 2018, and Feb. 27, 2019.”
In its response, SWBTS asserted that the seminary had “repeatedly requested” the return of the documents, specifically identifying “the records that needed to be returned,” but that the Pattersons instead “advised the Seminary that the documents had been ‘purged.’” SWBTS asserted that “the Pattersons’ actions have caused substantial financial harm to the Seminary.”
Patterson denied to BP that items belonging to SWBTS were improperly taken, saying, “not to my knowledge.” He said documents described as “purged” were “taken care of,” with “nothing of value” being destroyed. Patterson also said he and associates had not received a confidential donor list or attempted to divert gifts from SWBTS to the Sandy Creek Foundation.
Candi Finch, a former SWBTS faculty member and Dorothy Patterson’s former executive assistant, called the SWBTS response in the Book of Reports “absolute slander” on Twitter. Finch, who was named in the response, was fired in October 2018 in what SWBTS trustees described as a “faculty disciplinary matter.”
Philip Levant, chair of SWBTS’s trustee board, said the board “unanimously approved” a draft of the response to the motion during its fall 2020 meeting. The trustee board’s executive committee approved the final response.
“We emphatically stand by our response as it is truthful and verifiable,” Levant said in a statement. “I urge all Southern Baptists to carefully read it in its entirety to understand the scope of the challenges faced by this institution in the wake of the former president’s rightful dismissal.”
Greenway said in the statement to BP, “The inerrant Word of God that we love fervently, that we affirm confessionally, and that guides sufficiently the work of this institution in keeping with our Founder’s vision of theological education and in accountability to the Southern Baptist Convention, instructs us clearly, ‘Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.’ Southwestern Seminary has told the truth.”
Bart Barber, who was a member of the SWBTS trustee executive committee that voted to fire Patterson, wrote in posts to Twitter and Facebook that he had “first-hand knowledge” of some of the information in the seminary’s response to the motions.
“To my knowledge, every word of the @SWBTS report is true,” wrote Barber, pastor of First Baptist Church of Farmersville, Texas.
In a Facebook post, Charlie Houck, who in 2018 was SWBTS’ director of projects and information management, also vouched for the veracity of the report. Houck wrote that he “directly handled IT security at SWBTS when all the fun happened in 2018,” and added,
“I’ve kept my mouth shut because I knew the truth would eventually come to light, and I left the seminary at the end of that year to pursue church planting. I’ll just add my own eyewitness testimony to [Barber’s] above to say that everything the SWBTS administration has said lines up with the truth to the best of my memory.”
Reached by BP, Houck confirmed his Facebook post but declined further comment.
When challenged by Finch on Twitter, Barber pointed as an example to a $5 million gift to the seminary, which he claimed was rescinded through Patterson’s influence. He said that during a May 2018 trustee meeting to consider Patterson’s future as president, Patterson “was waving that check in his hand … and he told the board that night that we were deciding what would happen with that gift.”
Referring to Barber’s account of the $5 million check, Patterson told BP he was attempting to make it clear to trustees that the donor wanted the gift to go to a specific cause, in this case a missions program for SWBTS students.
“I brought it up to [trustees] twice,” Patterson said. “They ignored that. They never dealt with it. … So the donor asked for the check back.”
The $5 million gift was a topic of testimony in a lawsuit filed in September 2020 by SWBTS and Baylor University against the Riley Foundation, a charitable foundation set up solely to benefit the schools. Mike Hughes, the Riley Foundation’s president and a former SWBTS vice president during Patterson’s tenure, was a defendant in the suit.
Hughes testified to having characterized the $5 million gift, during a conversation after Patterson’s firing with Travis Trawick, then SWBTS’ vice president for institutional advancement, as more a personal gift to the Pattersons than a gift to the institution. The gift was later returned by SWBTS to the donor.
In financial reports filed with the IRS, Sandy Creek Foundation listed less than $83,000 in net assets in 2017, with $0 in contributions. In 2018, with contributions and grants totaling $5,471,944, the foundation listed almost $5.3 million in net assets.
In the lawsuit against the Riley Foundation, SWBTS and Baylor claimed some members of the Riley Foundation’s board had altered the foundation’s governance structure and its purpose, stripping the schools of their rights as beneficiaries. Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton intervened in the case on behalf of the plaintiffs “to protect the public interest in charity,” alleging that the defendants’ actions were “to the detriment” of SWBTS and Baylor.
After Hughes’ testimony also included evidence of Patterson’s involvement, the attorney general issued a subpoena compelling Patterson to testify. But the lawsuit was instead settled, with control of the Riley Foundation returned to the schools.
When the settlement was announced, SWBTS officials said they had provided information to the attorney general “indicating efforts by Patterson and his associates to divert funds and redirect gifts away from the seminary to the Sandy Creek Foundation.”
One allegation made by SWBTS in the Book of Reports references an email from a donor that was submitted as evidence in the Riley Foundation lawsuit. In January 2019, a SWBTS donor wrote to Jeff Bingham, then SWBTS’ interim president, and reported receiving “disturbing” emails from both Patterson and Scott Colter, his former SWBTS chief of staff who was at the time employed by the Sandy Creek Foundation. The donor wrote that Patterson had asked him to alter his will, shifting a gift from Southwestern to the Sandy Creek Foundation.
The donor also said Hughes, who was at the time the executor of the will, had “represented the Pattersons[’] firing from SWBTS as cruel and unjust, and represented the Pattersons as being broke and wrongfully terminated and kicked out into the cold by the SWBTS trustees.” The donor added that he understood the Pattersons had remained in the president’s home at SWBTS until September 2018 and had since moved into what he described as a 5,500-square-foot home (according to SWBTS’s response in the Book of Reports, the home was purchased in August 2018 for approximately $1 million by the Sandy Creek Foundation).
The donor added that he and his wife were “both disturbed how Mike misrepresented the Pattersons’ situation to us and has SWBTS represented as the bad guys.” He wrote that Patterson, Colter and Hughes were “implying SWBTS is doing them harm.”
In May 2019, another SWBTS donor received an email, allegedly sent by Colter, containing “reference points” for the donor to use in requesting the return of funds that had benefited the Dorothy Kelley Patterson chair of women’s studies.
The email included as “reasons to consider” the return of the funds, the removal of a gravestone for the Pattersons’ dog, Finch’s termination and the removal of stained-glass windows in MacGorman Chapel bearing the Pattersons’ likeness and others.
SWTS’s report also pointed to a July 2020 visit made by the Pattersons to donor Elizabeth Griffin in Memphis. According to SWBTS, the Pattersons “reached out” to Griffin, who died in December 2020, “… to discuss her estate planning.” The seminary alleged the goal was to “convince her to change her will’s beneficiary away from the Seminary.”
Patterson acknowledged to BP the visit to Memphis, but maintained it was initiated by Griffin to Dorothy Patterson.
“Did we ask her to revise her will? No,” Patterson said, adding that if changes to her will were made, “I have no knowledge of it.”
In its response to Cole’s motion, SWBTS also alleged that “several items” from a collection that had been donated to the seminary in 2009, including artwork, taxidermy, antique firearms and other items, were missing. SWBTS asserts that one painting from the collection was identified through social media posts as hanging in the Pattersons’ home, and that despite “multiple” requests through the Pattersons’ attorneys, the painting has not been returned to the seminary.
Patterson told BP that no items for his new home were intentionally taken from a collection submitted to the seminary in 2009. And he claimed SWBTS retains items belonging to his late father T.A. Patterson, despite the Pattersons’ repeated requests for their return. T.A. Patterson was the longtime executive secretary of the executive board of the Baptist General Convention of Texas.
But according to a deed of gift agreement provided to BP, dated March 27, 2008, and signed by Paige Patterson and his wife Dorothy, the couple “irrevocably” gave “the T.A. Patterson papers and collection” to SWBTS. The agreement “transfer[red] to Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary all our rights in and to the Property, including literary property rights.”
Colby Adams, SWBTS’s chief of staff and vice president for strategic initiatives, told BP the seminary had “meticulously evaluated records in its possession connected to the Pattersons and identified nine boxes of materials of a truly personal nature.” He said seven boxes were returned to the Pattersons in May 2019 and two more were returned in August 2020.
“Meanwhile, the Pattersons have not returned any of the seminary’s rightful documents, in spite of repeated requests – unfortunately continuing a pattern over many years of the Pattersons removing institutional materials without authorization,” Adams said. “Any other collections held by Southwestern Seminary, including the T.A. Patterson Collection, are donations given to the seminary, not to the Pattersons personally, with full supporting documentation on file.”
The allegations by SWBTS were reminiscent of issues regarding documents missing after Patterson left Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary (SEBTS) for SWBTS in 2003. Less than a week after Patterson was fired from SWBTS in 2018, officials at SEBTS released a statement that documents were missing that were deemed necessary for an internal review of the allegations of Patterson’s handling of sexual assault claims that occurred during Patterson’s administration at SEBTS.
In the statement, SEBTS said it believed documents were not removed maliciously but due to a misunderstanding on the part of the Pattersons and their attorney. The issue was resolved in January 2019, when SEBTS and the Pattersons determined the rightful owners of 89 boxes of documents in what was described as a cordial meeting.
(EDITOR’S NOTE – Scott Barkley is national correspondent for Baptist Press. Co-author George Schroeder is associate vice president for convention news with the SBC Executive Committee and is enrolled at Southwestern as a part-time, distance learning student.)