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Relief groups walk delicate line on gospel, aid
G. Jeffrey MacDonald, Religion News Service
February 02, 2010
7 MIN READ TIME

Relief groups walk delicate line on gospel, aid

Relief groups walk delicate line on gospel, aid
G. Jeffrey MacDonald, Religion News Service
February 02, 2010

When night falls in

Port-au-Prince, thousands of homeless Haitians find shelter beneath

weatherproof plastic sheets emblazoned with the logo of Samaritan’s Purse, a

group that’s zealous to spread Christianity worldwide.

The 20-by-20-foot sheets

offer a tangible way to demonstrate God’s love for people regardless of their

beliefs, said Barry Hall, director of program support at Samaritan’s Purse, a

North Carolina-based relief organization headed by evangelist Franklin Graham.

And while the logos don’t

add warmth, they may still help local churches on the ground get credit for

distributing the plastic sheets, along with similarly marked blankets and

personal hygiene kits.

“It may have our name on it

because we supplied it to them, but it’s the local church that these people see

meeting their needs,” Hall said. “We try to leave that church in a better

position” to evangelize.

As faith-based relief

agencies work to help Haitians manage an epic crisis after the Jan. 12

earthquake, most are taking pains to give aid according to need, not creed, and

disavow proselytizing.

World Vision, for example, a

massive relief group based in Washington state with nearly 800 aid workers in

Haiti, makes sure those who distribute aid aren’t simultaneously trying to win

converts.

But even after decades of

responding to emergencies, members of the Association of Evangelical Relief and

Development Organizations (AERDO) are still wrestling with out how best to

proclaim the gospel, offer spiritual support and advance other organizational

goals in disaster zones.

In short, they’re trying “to

figure out what’s appropriate, especially in a disaster context, in terms of

Christian witness,” said Randy Strash, strategy director for emergency response

at World Vision, which belongs to AERDO.

“In a disaster context, it’s

especially important that you earn the right to be heard (because) all these

emotions are raw and the future is so uncertain and you don’t want to be

manipulating people’s emotions.”

Samaritan’s Purse photo

The barge loaded with equipment and supplies arrives in Haiti.

Some Christian outreach

efforts in Haiti have already sparked controversy. Last week, Haitian officials

detained members of Central Valley Baptist Church in Meridian, Idaho, for

allegedly trying to leave the country with 33 children, some of whom may not be

orphans.

Meanwhile, some in Haiti’s

large Voodoo community fear Christian relief groups are pursuing ulterior

motives. Max Beauvoir, Haiti’s chief Voodoo priest, has already accused foreign

Christian groups of “trying to buy souls,” and said Haitian Christians “grab”

scarce resources and receive preferential treatment. On Jan. 31, he convened a

national meeting of

Voodooists “unhappy with the attitudes of the Christian community and their

foreign guests … to decide together the future of our country.”

Some experts on evangelism

say Christian groups must be especially careful to give aid according to need

and without strings attached.

Elaine Heath, professor of

evangelism at the Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University,

bemoaned a “lack of dignity” when ministries require aid recipients to sit

through sermons or other religious appeals. American ministries seldom engage

in such quid pro quo practices overseas, she noted, though they do sometimes

happen in the U.S.

Heath said relief groups —

religious, secular or governmental — see situations like Haiti not only as a

chance to do good, but to look good, too. Positive PR isn’t inherently bad, she

said, so long as meeting basic human needs remains the first priority.

“Anytime any group or

government agency goes and brings help to people who’ve been hit by something,

there is a philosophy behind it,” Heath said. “They all have their own agendas.

Does that mean nobody should help people unless they suggest to others that they

have a good agenda? No, I think that’s just nutty thinking.”

Relief ministries tend to

follow strict protocols in disaster zones in order to ensure the vulnerable

aren’t exploited. But protocols vary according to each group’s understanding of

the risks at hand.

Last September, more than 20

religious institutions, from Scientologists to Buddhists to Catholics, agreed

to a set of guidelines that urged relief groups to refrain from imposing moral

values or engaging in inappropriate evangelism.

Catholic Relief Services (CRS)

concentrates primarily on distributing food, according to spokesman Tom Price.

In Christian countries, CRS defers to priests or nuns to handle many of the

spiritual crises that arise in disaster zones; he added that CRS, like other

major relief groups, does not proselytize.

Medical Teams International,

an Oregon-based evangelical group that’s active in more than 50 countries,

provides physical aid in disaster zones. Workers sometimes tell patients that

they’re grateful to God for being able to help, but they make no attempt to

lead someone to faith, according to spokeswoman Marlene Minor.

Sometimes when patients are

dying, “they have themselves come to a desire to make peace with God, and they

ask you:

I want to be with Jesus. I want to be with God. How do I do that?’,”

Minor said. “ … They’ve already come to that, and they just ask you to pray

with them.”

Samaritan’s Purse represents

a different approach to witnessing. It relies on chaplains from its sister

organization, the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, to attend to victims’

spiritual or emotional trauma. No one who receives aid from Samaritan’s Purse

is required to listen to a message or make any sort of faith profession, Hall

said.

But those giving out aid

nevertheless do their best to win converts when they can.

“When we get these folks

together (for aid distribution), we’re going to do two things: we’re going to

meet their physical need … but we’re also going to take the opportunity to

share the gospel,” Hall said.

“What I have found is, no matter what that person’s

background is, when I look them in the eye and say, ‘Can I pray for you?’ I’ve

never had anybody say no.”

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